Saturday, December 25, 2010

Wheelchairs in Rwanda


Several years ago Craig Lenz, a Rotarian, became very active distributing wheelchairs. The above video displays the energy Craig brought to the project.

This second video describes what has become of the wheelchairs that were distributed. Rotarians in Rwanda tell us there are now over 5000 wheelchairs in Rwanda that are in need of repair.

Mobility International, wanting to keep the gift that Rotarians have given sustainable, is currently working on a project to set up maintenance stations where folks with wheelchairs can keep their equipment properly maintained or replaced if needed.

Our project is taking much time and money to bring to fruition. The many who are currently immobile in Rwanda are in our hearts and prayers.

Saturday, October 23, 2010

Wheelchairs held Hostage in Haiti

On January 12 2010 Rotary District 6110 was the first Rotary District to respond to the earthquake that Haiti experienced. On January 14 we sent 10,000 water-boxes to Haiti to purify water. We raised of $125,000 dollars (US) for Haitian relief and have built a rehabilitation clinic in Pignon to help people whose limbs have been damaged from the earthquake.

Now the sad story; we have a container of specialty wheelchairs that we sent to Haiti that have been sitting in Port au Prince since July 4th. How can the Haitian government create all this red tape and keep these wheelchairs from the people that really need them? How can the government let the container sit there costing good Rotarians at least $40 a day in demurrage fees? How can the Haitian government treat Rotarians who care for their country so badly?

Below is the letter the stirred District 6110 into action:
From: Alberga Graham Jamaica (District Governor at the time)
Sent: Wednesday, January 13, 2010 1:22 PM

Subject: Fw: Haiti

Hi Steve,

Thanks for your emails and your efforts. Please continue to mobilize contributions for Haiti relief

Please send to all your Clubs.

I know everyone is anxious to know what is happening in Haiti and in particular about our Rotarians. So far we have heard from DGN Dr. Guy Theodore, PAG Nessim Izmery, PAG Dr. Robert Leger, Dr. Claude Surena Disaster Chair for Haiti, and they are all ok.

As you can see our District Disaster Chair Ray Whittaker has sent out an appeal and Claude Surena has given a report of how bad things are. Haiti Liaison Chair PDG Dick McCombe has also made an appeal for money until we know exactly how we can respond in other areas such as food, water, shelter boxes, medical supplies etc.

Those who have satellite phones please ensure that they are charged and kept on. A listing of the telephone numbers and who have the phones will be circulated shortly.

I heard that PAG Caleb Lucien, District Chair for Health and Hunger is using his satellite phone in Haiti and communicating Internationally for help.
Let us keep in touch with our District Disaster Relief Team and Haiti Task Force Team for instructions on how we can help.

One Love,

----- Original Message -----

From: claude surena
To: Ray Whittaker
Sent: Wednesday, January 13, 2010 3:15 AM
Subject: Re: Haiti


Thanks for your support.I sure have a satellite phone but I don't know if it will work.I will let you know.We are in great need of everything water food money shelter boxes sanitation kits.I have 100 victims in my yard that I am taking care of but I am running out of supplies.Medical kits should be considered also.

See some pctures in attach of my area situation.This is a shelter in my house
Claude Surena

2010/1/12 Ray Whittaker

PDG Richard/DG Errol/DGN Guy

I applaud the quick efforts of PDG Richard in motivating as many Rotarians and clubs to gather resources and stand ready to help our Brothers and sisters in Haiti. Whilst we cannot not be the first response efforts we never the less must act with Urgency to alleviate as much suffering and fill the needs of as many as we can.

I also apologize as I am coming off a major and extremely long set of meetings which has kept me gong from 6 am until just before 12am.

I would recommend, PDG Richard  spear heading the relief effort in terms of gathering Resources, starting with the present efforts of raising money to cover the many needs and supplies that will be needed. I am unfortunately scheduled for a further set of meetings tomorrow(now today) and Thursday .

Secondly I would recommend that if still active, the Haiti benefit account, previously started by PDG Richard and his classmates, be utilized in the first instance to raise funds for this relief effort. If it is not active we will need to utilize the regular District bank account with designation for Disaster Relief monitored by PDG Richard Harris.

We need to move fast but as we all know every need in a disaster is an emergency so we have to be careful to try and prioritize the needs and distribute accordingly.

I will circulate separately an appeal across the District In further support of PDG Richards email, TOMORROW, if we are in agreement with the above steps, in which case we will need to further advise of the FULL DETAILS INCLUDING TRANSFER INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE BANK ACCOUNTS REFERRED TO ABOVE ( PDG RICHARD MCCOMBE AND PDG RICHARD HARRIS COULD YOU CIRCULATE THE DETAILS). Likewise we can establish the NEEDS LIST TO CIRCULATE WORLD WIDE.

IN ADDITION, Claude/DGN Guy/Yves/ Ted/Yvon/ Marie

You should all be in possession of Satellite Phones received directly or from your immediate predecessor AG’s in the case of sitting AG’s. Please contact me to confirm and I will post the numbers to the above and establish the timing protocols for us to contact you. You will of course be free to contact us at your convenience but we need to ensure proper protocols IN ORDER THAT THE best communication IS MADE AND AIRTIME is USED.


If I am not mistaken you are in possession of Sat phone xxxxx previously held by PDG Richard.

I will liaise with PDG George in the am to ensure an update on the active and if necessary ensure activation of any inactive Satellite phones in Haiti.


I am sure Shelter Boxes and other materials will be needed but we need to coordinate the most needed items are delivered in the most efficient manner to ensure they get to the persons most in need through Rotarians /Clubs where possible.

Rotarians, we are being called once again to help our brothers and sisters and those in need , lets live up to our motto “SERVICE ABOVE SELF”.

Ray Whittaker

District Disaster

Ps This is a terrible disaster and will no doubt be requiring our help for the months to come, please therefore in all instances copy Felix Stubbs our incoming Disaster Chair and in fact all listed above to ensure our maximum efforts.

From: Richard McCombe
Sent: Tuesday, January 12, 2010 6:12 PM
To: Raymond Whittaker
Subject: Haiti

To: Raymond Whittaker, Grand Cayman
Dear fellow Rotarians,
Haiti has had another terrible catastrophe. 7.0 Earthquake. In the words of Haiti Disaster relief Chair "It is very terrible"
Please rally your clubs for support. I will be in touch as soon as we have further detaials and a clearer direction. Money 1st, it works best, money first will probably the best, and we can follow with other types of aid.
PDG Dick

Thursday, October 7, 2010

Haiti needs our guidance

Due to the fact that Haitians are currently in a position where there is no work available and the fact that most of the goods being imported to Haiti are humanitarian aid and tax exempt, there is no money flowing to the government to provide services or rebuild from the earthquake. To make matters worse, the Haitians have yet to receive the aid the USA has promised.

Please keep the Haitians in your prayers. If you are one that can apply pressure on the government in the USA to follow through with promises please do so. Haiti needs help building infrastucture and needs to find a way to get folks back to productive work to build the economy. Haiti needs leadership found in programs like Heifer International and Rotarian programs to get the economy back to a sustainable level.

The world is our stage, and it is time for us to perform!

From Mountain Top Ministries in Haiti...

Your prayers & thoughts are encouraging in these times as we move forward in ministry. Please pray specifically for the people of Haiti that they would rise to the occasion to be responsible for what it being given to them. Times are hard, but many are here helping. Sometimes they do not help in a way that is beneficial to the people, however, if the people will be responsible with the gift, God will honor them!

Blessings upon all that you put your hands to do.


Willem & Beth Charles

Mountain Top Ministries, Haiti

Saturday, October 2, 2010

Congratulations to Rotary District 6110

On January 12, Haiti was affected by an earthquake that caused tremendous loss of life and destruction. On Wednesday, January 13th, MSNI and Rotary District 6110 responded by sending the first shipment of water-boxes. The content of these boxes was enough to purify 20,000 16-ouncebottles of water. An additional shipment of water-boxes was sent approximately one week later giving the recipients the ability to purify more than 1 million 16 ounce bottles of water. We then sent a container of special supplies and equipment to deal with the immediate medical needs. The value of this container was approximately $60,000.00. The cost of the water-boxes was more than $31,000.00.

Many people involved in the earthquake in Haiti suffered injuries to their limbs. An assessment is currently being made to determine the amount and need for prosthesis for amputees. Once the clinic is completed MSNI will determine how to move forward with providing prosthesis for Haitians. MSNI is teaming with Operation Hope with this effort.

The Rotary Club of Muskogee, Oklahoma has provided $8500 to the Haitian relief effort to fund phase II, prosthesis for amputees.

We are in contact with Rotarians in India who are technicians specializing in the area of prosthesis to assess the need. We may also train the Haitians to manufacture prosthesis. Larry is coordinating the effort to ensure there is no duplication. Muscogee has issued a challenge to other clubs to provide financial assistance.

In addition specialty wheelchairs have arrived at Port au Prince Haiti. MSNI has sent 100 wheelchairs. Fifty of the wheelchairs will go to the Hosean rehabilitation clinic compound and the other 50 will go to Mountain Top Ministries, another faith based organization that partnered with MSNI based 14 miles from Port au Prince.
Altogether MSNI’s response along with those who have partnered with MSNI have provided over a quarter of a million dollars worth of relief to Haiti. Thank you to all of the individuals and clubs who have provided financial assistance as well as equipment for this immediate need.

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

One shoe size fit's all in Congress?

Blog Post: Posted December 5, 2009, 2:10 pm by Tiana Tozer

UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities crippled without action and commitment

Topics: Marginalized Groups, Governance, Disability, Citizen Involvement

This July, President Obama signed the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRDP). The news came to me during a particularly tough time in Basrah, Iraq. We were receiving frequent incoming fire and my colleagues and I had spent far too much time hunkered down in a bunker, sweating in body armor in 130-degree heat.

I have been Mercy Corps’ coordinator for disability rights in Iraq for more than two years, and the ''signing'' made me wonder: How will this help me or the many Iraqis with disabilities I’m trying to serve? I have seen similar declarations and clauses hundreds of times. USAID has a clause about the inclusion of people with disabilities, the World Bank does and the UN talks ad nauseum about it. But what is the actual impact?

So far, not much. According to the UN, the convention marks a “paradigm shift” — but just because you put in down on paper doesn’t mean that attitudes have change. A paradigm shift takes action. The Convention is intended to secure rights for all people with disabilities, but no signatory country is complying with it, so what is the enforcement mechanism? There is none, which makes it a grand but empty gesture.

If we really want to address the disability issue, we need to do three things. First, we must acknowledge the scale of the problem and the fact that we are not effectively addressing it. People with disabilities (PWDs) make up 10 percent of the world’s population, 650 million people, and every day that number increases. The World Bank estimates that 20 percent of the world’s poor have a disability.

Yet when the Millennium Development Goals — the international community’s agreed-upon targets for combating scourges like poverty and hunger — came out in 2000, there was no mention of disability. Sluggish or nonexistent funding flows have followed suit. This has to change; ignoring a problem doesn’t make it go away.

Second, aid workers must transform how we address the needs of PWDs. The international community too often “helps” people with disabilities through what are called “supply projects,” massive giveaways of items like crutches and wheelchairs. The problem is that a wheelchair, particularly the commonly supplied 28-pound hospital chairs designed for patient transfer, does nothing but provide a place to sit.

In order for mobility equipment to be effective, it has to be supplied on a demand basis, with the needs of a specific user in mind. The current supply model would be analogous to my collecting 435 pairs of shoes from Iraq and sending them to the House of Representatives with no information about size or width. The Representatives would then need to sort through the shoes to see what fits whom, and then try to make do with whatever was sent. We would never do that. So why do it for people with disabilities?

Finally, we need to effect an attitude adjustment by teaching people with disabilities to be activists and role models. Years ago, as an intern for Congressman Richard Stallings of Idaho, I lobbied for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). In 1990, when the ADA was signed, the unemployment rate for PWDs was around 70 percent. Today, it is still 70 percent, and some studies even claim an increase in unemployment since the ADA.

What can we learn from this? Real change for people with disabilities is not about getting a ramp or a wheelchair; America is physically accessible. The main barrier for PWDs is the attitudes that the able-bodied population has about them. PWDs are often viewed through the lens of our limitations rather than our capabilities; this situation is even more marked in developing countries.

People with disabilities must be empowered to demand their rights and smash these preconceptions. Advocacy work to create this change is currently being implemented in Russia by Perspecktiva and was being implemented in Iraq by Mercy Corps in 2007-08 until funding unfortunately ran out.

The columnist Charles Krauthammer said, “Celebrating the paralytic's ‘courage’ is the psychological equivalent of calling an accomplished black person ‘a credit to his race’ — it is a patronizing act of distancing wrapped in the appearance of adulation.”

The UNCRDP is a patronizing act of distancing wrapped in the appearance of “rights.” For me and the millions of other people with disabilities around the world it changes nothing. It’s just a piece of paper that world leaders feel good about signing.

Thank you, world leaders, for defining my rights, but I won’t be impressed until you provide the funds to help me realize them. As a start, you can support smart, strategic programs that help PWDs take charge of their lives, not just squeeze into an ill-fitting wheelchair. Contact me if you need ideas — I’ll give you a program for PWDs that is inexpensive, effective and empowering.

Saturday, July 3, 2010

Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Wheelchair Promise Press Release


Four Canadian employees of Halliburton extend the company’s charitable activities by supplying all-terrain wheelchairs to Haiti’s amputee population

NEW ORLEANS, Louisiana – The Red Thread Promise, a 501(c)(3) charity dedicated to providing medical care to orphans around the world, announces the extraordinary donation of 50 all-terrain wheelchairs, plus shipping costs, by the employees of the Canadian office of Halliburton (NYSE: HAL). As part of The Red Thread Promise’s Wheelchair Initiative, these desperately needed chairs will be distributed to people in Haiti. TRTP is supporting this donation with its own contribution of the maintenance and repair kits that will keep these wheelchairs in operating condition for years.

We have all read a great deal about the crushing circumstances facing the survivors of Haiti’s January earthquake. Among the most needy are thousands of new immobile amputees: men, women, and children. Haiti’s economic and social structure has always provided special challenges to a physically handicapped person. In the post-earthquake period, amplified lack of resources coupled with extremely poor road conditions make traversing the mountainous country even more challenging.

A new All Terrain Wheelchair (ATW) can do wonders to help this underserved population. Developed by Mobility International, of Fort Smith, Arkansas, this wheelchair bears little resemblance to a typical wheelchair. Instead, it is geared to rougher urban or rural terrain. Its back wheels are mountain bike tires and it sits lower, with a special seat cushion that absorbs bounce. Special automatic flex suspension controls side-to-side movement, and the front end extends forward to provide front-to-rear stability.

This rugged vehicle is therefore suitable for a wide range of indoor and outdoor use, from hospitals to city streets to off-road terrain. Its heavy-duty construction is ideal for passage over the steep ascents and descents characteristic of the roads and pathways in rural areas of Haiti where it is most critically needed. Kathy Korge Albergate, President of TRTP, says, “This generous donation will make an immediate, direct, and profound difference to the recipients, enabling children to return to school and adults to find or return to work.”

Each year Halliburton hosts the Halliburton Academy, an event that brings together over one thousand employees from all over the world in Business Development, Technology, Operations and Functional groups to learn more about company's strategies and technologies. During the event, employees play the Chairman’s Cup Golf tournament, with part of the entry fee earmarked for a charity that is chosen by the winning team. The Red Thread Promise wishes to thank the members of the winning team, John Gorman, Sheldon Harbinson, Fred Farmer and Trent Ulmer, from Canada, for choosing the Wheelchair Initiative.

The donated chairs are scheduled to land in Port au Prince in June, and then will go to Mountain Top Ministries (MTM) in nearby Gramothe for distribution. MTM is a well-established institution that provides a school and clinic to impoverished mountain residents of Haiti. One of the organization’s chief priorities has been to help fellow Haitians take ownership of their nation and work to defeat generational poverty, village by village. Willem Charles, founder of MTM, says, “We are delighted with this promising response to our great need for all terrain wheelchairs. Not only will this donation provide independence to handicapped members of our community, but we have a well-equipped workshop ready to provide training in assembly and maintenance of the wheelchairs.”

About Halliburton

Founded in 1919, Halliburton is one of the world's largest providers of products and services to the energy industry. With more than 50,000 employees in approximately 70 countries, the company serves the upstream oil and gas industry throughout the life cycle of the reservoir - from locating hydrocarbons and managing geological data, to drilling and formation evaluation, well construction and completion, and optimizing production through the life of the field. Visit the company's Web site at

About The Red Thread Promise (TRTP)

The Red Thread Promise (TRTP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization providing medical care to the world’s orphans, has a long-standing relationship with Mountain Top Ministries. Members of TRTP visit Haiti regularly, hand-carrying supplies and teaching English in the school. President Albergate says, “The Haitian mountains are a constant obstacle to impoverished disabled children, adults and seniors attempting to maneuver through the rough terrain. These all terrain wheelchairs can provide a life-changing experience for those who are immobile. We are grateful to have the opportunity to directly impact the lives of so many people in need.” Learn more or donate at

Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Wheelchairs Load and ship...

Port au Prince Haiti shipping port

May 12, 2010

This is where the wheechairs will come in. The main crain (or whatever it is called) was destroyed in the earthquake. Smaller cranes are being used. The process is slower. I am guessing when the first wheelchair container arrives in Port Au Prince at port that it will take a number of days to get the ship from in line to dock to unload.

The conditions around the ports are dirty. Many living on the streets, in tents, in tin cities. Trash lining the streets until it is burned. Mud/water in the streets from end to end where one has to cross before entering their living quarters.

Yet, life goes on. Everyone is doing their best to make a living to feed their families and theirselves.

Saturday, May 22, 2010

Position Available

Fund Raiser for Haiti Amputees

MOBILITY International - Fort Smith, AR 72908

FUND RAISER: Experienced fund raiser for humanitarian program to provide rugged all terrain wheelchairs as a primary means of transportation for the physically disabled in third world countries. Our immediate top priority is Haiti. Local company, See Full or part time. Work at home or in central office. Must be willing to work on full commission plus expenses. Successful history in Fund Raising, full computer literacy and ability to travel are highly desirable. Call Ben Reid at 479 648 0549 or mail Resume to GMI - MOBILITY 1900 Wellington Way Fort Smith, AR 72908.

Resume To: GMI-MOBILITY 1900 Wellington Way Fort Smith, AR 72908 or email to

Wednesday, May 12, 2010

News from wheelchair recipient...

From Red Thread Promise President Kathy Korge who is currently in Haiti

Willem took Tom Landry and me to the home of Blanc earlier today. He is the recipient of the first wheelchair. He told us that because of the chair he is able to do the physical therapy his doctor has told him to do. Before he did not have a chair to sit in properly to do therapy. Willem says that from just a month ago his legs have gotten stronger. Blanc says his upper body is stronger because of the use of the chair.

Willem and his boys delivered the chair to Blanc in March. One month almost to the date Blanc's sons shows up at Willem's home to thank him or his father's chair. Saying because of the chair his father can get out of the house and work some.
Blanc thanked us many times for the chair.

He fits well in the chair. I let him know that an air pump and tire patch kit will be delivered to him as soon as the first container arrives. His tires need air already.
We also let him know that maintenance parts will be stored at MTM when he is in need of repairs or maintenance.

Not sure what all was in the pocket on the chair back but it was full of stuff.

Tom did take pictures and as soon as they are sent from his camera to my computer.

Kathy Korge Albergate President

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

New Hope for Haiti ’s Amputees

MOBILITY International
New Hope for Haiti ’s Amputees

Fort Smith Manufacturer Creates Innovative, Cost-Effective Wheelchair
Offering Increased Independence for Disabled Haitians

Fort Smith, AR , May 10, 2010 — We have read a great deal about the crushing circumstances facing the survivors of Haiti’s January earthquake. Among the most needy are thousands of new amputees. Haiti’s economic and social structure has always provided special challenges to a physically handicapped person. These barriers are even more pronounced in the aftermath of the earthquake. Many Americans have been wondering how to best assist the people of Haiti, and now, through a long-established Haitian ministry and its American charity partner, The Red Thread Promise, Americans can make an immediate and meaningful difference in the lives of Haitian citizens by purchasing specialized wheelchairs.

A new all-terrain wheelchair (ATW) can do wonders to help this underserved amputee population. Developed and patented by MOBILITY International of Fort Smith, AR (, this wheelchair bears little resemblance to a typical wheelchair. Instead, it is more robust and geared to rougher urban or rural terrain.

The MOBILITY ATW sits lower with a special replaceable seat cushion that absorbs bounce. Its back wheels are mountain bike tires. The wide-track front wheels are smaller than those of a standard wheelchair and provide better maneuverability around tree limbs, rocks and potholes than the widely used urban/hospital-style wheelchair that has thin front wheels. Special automatic flex suspension controls side-to-side movement and the front end extends forward to provide front-to-rear stability.

This rugged vehicle is therefore suitable for a wide range of use, indoors and outdoors, from hospitals to city streets to off-road terrain. Its heavy-duty construction is ideal for passage over the steep ascents and descents characteristic of the roads and pathways in rural areas of Haiti where it is most critically needed.

With these ATWs, students of all ages, formerly dependent on family and friends to carry them to school, will be able to attend classes on their own. Homebound adults will be able to better care for themselves through their improved mobility, gaining more independence, and returning to jobs to support themselves and their families.

Rotary District 6110, of which several area Rotary Clubs are aligned, is now partnering with The Red Thread Promise, a 501(c)(3) charity to serve Hosean International Ministries (HOSEAN) of Pignon and Mountain Top Ministries (MTM) of Gramothe, Haiti. Together, Rotary District 6110 and The Red Thread Promise will provide and maintain these wheelchairs at distribution and maintenance stations in Gramothe and Pignon, Haiti.

The proud first owner of the new technology all terrain wheelchair from MTM and The Red Thread Promise is Robert of Gramothe, Haiti. Robert is a welder and farmer as well as a father of several sons, all educated with one completing his advanced education. Robert has lost the use of his lower legs and thereby his mobility. The ATW will allow Robert to return to his trade and continue to be a productive citizen and head of family.

The next shipment of 144 wheelchairs and associated maintenance depot supplies is currently being staged for manufacture, shipment, and distribution. The wheelchair and maintenance kit, a $900 retail value, is provided to The Red Thread Promise for Haitian service at a special humanitarian service price of $325.

You are invited to go to and click on the video to see the wheelchair in action. While browsing the site, you can learn more about the history and operations of the wheelchair company.

Mountain Top Ministries (MTM) is a well-established institution in Gramothe, near Port au Prince, which provides a school and medical clinic to impoverished mountain people of Haiti. One of MTM’s chief priorities, even before the earthquake, is to help fellow Haitians take ownership of their nation and work to defeat generational poverty, village by village.

The Red Thread Promise (TRTP), a nonprofit organization providing medical care to the world’s orphans, has a longstanding relationship with MTM. Members of TRTP visit regularly, hand-carrying supplies into Haiti and teaching English in the school. President Kathy Korge Albergate says, “There is major need for wheelchairs in these mountainous areas. The Haitian mountains are a constant obstacle to impoverished disabled children, adults and seniors attempting to maneuver through the rough terrain. Mobility’s all-terrain wheelchairs can provide a life-changing experience for these people, and we are so grateful to have the opportunity to directly impact the lives of so many people in need.”

MOBILITY International, the designer and maker of the chair, is an outgrowth of one of Arkansas’ oldest manufacturers. MOBILITY will also supply spare parts and maintenance kits for the wheelchairs. The wheelchairs are easily disassembled and reassembled for repair and maintenance. The goal for the next generation of the ATW, now approaching production level development, is to use common bicycle wheels and other readily available items for replacement parts. MTM has a well-equipped workshop at their facility and is eager to employ Haitians to assemble and maintain the wheelchairs.

Concerned persons who wish to learn more about The Red Thread Promise or Mountain Top Ministries can do so at or These sites also accept donations for wheelchairs using PayPal. Finally, you can donate through Global Giving or by mailing your checks to The Red Thread Promise at 4027 Dauphine Street, New Orleans, LA 70117. All donations are tax-deductible to the full extent of the law.

Help us make mobility for the permanently handicapped a reality for the disabled people of Haiti.

# # #

Robert R. of Gramothe, Haiti. New ATW Wheelchair Owner. Robert is a welder and farmer by trade.

Office (918) 895-2395 FAX 270.398.6060 * P.O. Box 35913 * Tulsa OK 74153

Out of Immobility Jail

Freedom! What a release opportunity by having one of these wheelchairs. Fresh air, friends, neighbors, family, shopping, school, work, church, synagogue, mosque. All opened up to the desperately disabled.